Prace Geograficzne, z. 111

Redaktor: Kurek W.
Rok wydania: 2003
Język publikacji: angielski

ISSN 1644-3586

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Introduction
Autor: Włodzimierz Kurek
Strony: 7-8
Jerzy Groch (1948-2000)
Autor: Włodzimierz Kurek
Strony: 9-12
List of publications of dr hab. Jerzy Groch
Autor:
Strony: 13-18
International tourism in the last decade of the 20th century
Autor: Jadwiga Warszyńska
Strony: 21-28
Summary - read more..
On the basis of World Tourism Organization (WTO) (Organisation Mondiale du Tourisme - OMT) statistical materials, the author presents an analysis of the size and spatial structure of international tourism, and revenue from tourist business - first in tourist regions and then in the selected 20 countries with the greatest worldwide tourist reception.
Tourism within the Polish and Slovak transfrontier region
Autor: Danuta Ptaszycka-Jackowska, Maria Baranowska-Janota
Strony: 43-60
Summary - read more..
The paper is based on a report A target study on the spatial land management along the Polish and Slovak frontier (2001). The authors depict the entire transfrontier region and tourism in the Polish and Slovak part of this region. Key issues of the tourism development are presented from the point of view of Polish and Slovak needs and demands, and some solution suggestions are given.
Agrotourism in the Podhale Region (Villages of Białka and Bukowina Tatrzańska Example)
Autor: Czesław Guzik
Strony: 61-70
Summary - read more..
Among numerous recreation forms practised in the Podhale region, that of rest at the highlander's farm shows a considerable tradition. The paper concerns the agrotourism developed in two Podhale villages, those of Białka and Bukowina Tatrzańska, and presents changes in the agriculture and settlement due to this type of tourism.
Transformations of Recreational Bioclimate in the Carpathian Foreland at the end of the 20th century for Gaik-Brzezowa as an Example
Autor: Barbara Obrębska-Starkel, Zygmunt Olecki, Agnieszka Janusz, Alicja Grzyborowska, Danuta Rauczyńska-Olecka
Strony: 71-84
Summary - read more..
he paper presents the structures of biotopoclimates in the Raba river valley due to integrated impact of natural factors controlling climate, and the anthropopression. Changes of chosen temperature characteristics of the recreational bioclimate are discussed, for the period 1971-1996, for two sites: the horn-oakbeam forest Tilio-Carpinetum and a slope in the Raba river valley (covered with grass). The authors propose the suggestions concerning the environment's management following the needs of tourism and recreation, together with forest management, in the discussed part of the Carpathian Foreland.
Tourist Development Strategy for the Municipality of Stryszów
Autor: Marian Nowakowski
Strony: 85-104
Summary - read more..
This paper presents the tourist attractions of the municipality of Stryszów, its resources and potential for tourism development. It is indicated that the areas of the municipality in the proximity of large urban complexes (of ca. six million people), attractive and ecologically clean, rich in cultural artefacts and spiritual connotations, should become a reception area for children and young people and a venue for family outings. This study presents the gradual development of tourism and creation of tourist products before and after the establishment of the Świnna Poręba reservoir with the successive extension of tourist and recreational facilities, without the significant involvement of financial resources from the municipal budget but using the funds at the disposal of the local administration and farm holdings.
The state of research on tourism and recreation in suburban zones of major Polish cities
Autor: Robert Faracik
Strony: 105-128
Summary - read more..
This article is an overview of the present-day state of research into recreation and tourism in the suburban zones of Poland's biggest cities: Warszawa, Łódź, Kraków, Wrocław, Poznań, the so-called Tri-City (Gdańsk, Sopot, Gdynia) as well as the Upper Silesia conurbation. The author of the article refers to literature dealing both with sociological research concerning leisure and spending leisure time for recreational and tourist purposes, as well as an examination of tourist flow. These issues are discussed in the general section of the article concerning the matters relevant for Poland as a whole and in the detailed section referring to particular urban agglomerations.
Environmental impact of tourism development in reception areas in Poland and methods of controlling them
Autor: Mirosław Mika
Strony: 129-142
Summary - read more..
The development of mass tourism has had adverse effects on areas of the highest natural values in Poland since the 1960s. The adverse effects of tourist traffic are most evident in mountainous and coastal tourist areas and national parks. Current changes in the approach to tourism result from the introduction of the concept sustainable development to Polish legislation. The growing demand for tourism and shrinking recreational areas are forcing the introduction of solutions aimed at controlling the environmental effects of tourism.
International Hotel Chains and groups in Poland
Autor: Katarzyna Rotter
Strony: 143-156
Summary - read more..
One of the most characteristic phenomena in the world's hotel industry in the 20th century is the internationalisation of business operations. It is manifested inter alia through the expansion of hotel chains on new geographic markets. Today, the most "global" hotel groups are present in several dozen countries on six continents. This study aims to track the process of including Poland in the area of activity of international hotel corporations. It comprises an analysis of the location, time and methods employed by international hotel companies when entering the Polish market.
Opportunities for ecotourism development in the Magurski National Park and its buffer zone
Autor: Bernadetta Zawilińska
Strony: 157-168
Summary - read more..
The Magurski National Park lies in the central part of the Low Beskid (Beskid Niski) and is the youngest national park in the Polish Carpathians; it was established in 1995. It covers areas of remarkable natural features, attractive both because of their landscape and their historical and cultural aspects. These assets are used to only a limited extent. The region is scarcely populated and economically underdeveloped. After the Magurski National Park was established an increase in incoming tourism was seen, offering an opportunity for the development of the region, but at the same time creating a threat to its natural assets. To prevent this trend, only ecotourism should be developed, as its is friendly both to the environmental and cultural heritage of the area, while at the same time providing for the needs of tourists and a source of revenue for the local residents.
Tourist attractions in the commune of Zawoja and their use in tourist traffic
Autor: Monika Zwolańska
Strony: 169-182
Summary - read more..
This paper is an attempt to present and assess the tourist attractions in the commune of Zawoja as well as their use in tourist traffic. The commune features a large section of the unique range of Babia Góra but the area in question is also attractive for its cultural assets. This diversity of its attractions allows for a variety of tourism forms in the area in question, yet it is crucial that these will be of benefit to the natural environment and local population.
Dilemmas encountered in the development of tourism in a degraded town. The case of Chełmsko Śląskie (Schömberg) in Lower Silesia
Autor: Monika A. Murzyn, Krzysztof Gwosdz
Strony: 183-200
Summary - read more..
Using the example of a small Lower Silesian town, the authors verify a popular and widespread belief that tourism is a major development chance for many depressed settlements experiencing transformation problems in post-communist countries. Taking into consideration the specific case related context such as multicultural and peripheral character of the area, they discuss spatial, infrastructure-related, structural and mental barriers, underlining the dual character of most of them. The case of Chełmsko Śląskie confirms the thesis that considerable tourism values related to the town's built heritage or favourable geographical location are not alone sufficient to make the tourism function a pillar of the local economy. At the same time, external investors must be found, while intensive activities of local leaders and a change of attitude among the inhabitants are indispensable. Furthermore, the authors attempt to formulate proposals for overcoming the above mentioned barriers.
Opportunities for co-operation of local governments for the development of tourism in Poland
Autor: Mirosław Mika, Robert Pawlusiński
Strony: 201-216
Summary - read more..
For a few years municipal governments in Poland have been establishing co-operation with representatives of local tourism branches and their associations, the local governments of other municipalities and the authorities of districts and voivodeships in order to develop local and regional tourist economies. This co-operation takes place through partnerships between municipalities and associations of municipalities, local and regional tourist organisations within the ambit of Euroregion activities, associations of cities and partner municipalities, co-operation between the public and the private sector, e.g. public private partnerships, agreements between municipalities, civil law agreements and foundations.
Tourist border crossing points as elements of trans border cooperation in the Polish Carpathians
Autor: Krzysztof Szpara
Strony: 217-226
Summary - read more..
In the following thesis there was concisely described various ways of the border crossing in the Polish Carpathians. There were presented the possibilities of the border classification. Particular attention was paid to so called places of the border crossing points on the tourist route, the boarder infrastructure, which in assumption is to serve especially people, who practice qualified tourism. There was also paid attention to necessity of development the Carpathian trans border cooperation and the role of the tourist border crossing points in this undertaking.
Cultural heritage of the Beskid Niski Mountains
Autor: Magdalena Koszałka
Strony: 227-234
Summary - read more..
This study is described in review manner a general characterization of cultural heritage of the Beskid Niski Mts. and the interactions among select elements this heritage. The author paid attention to a specifity and a character of the cultural and historical values, which are a factor of tourism development in this region.
The need to establish educational nature trails in the region of Podhale
Autor: Magdalena Kędra
Strony: 235-244
Summary - read more..
This article develops the concept of educational nature trails as one form of didactic tourism dealing, in particular, with their origins, and presents regional aspects of the notion as well as the need to develop educational tourism in Podhale. The author focuses on the role educational tourism ought to play in the region and presents its scope, functions and objectives. In this presentation, research of didactic tourism is highlighted along with the impact of such tourism on various fields: ecology, tourist geography, history of culture and art history. The aim is to emphasise the need of performing research in the field of educational tourism, simultaneously showing its practical usefulness leading to the design of educational nature trails.
Pilgrimaging in the History of Polish Tourism
Autor: Antoni Jackowski
Strony: 247-260
Summary - read more..
Pilgrimages are considered one of the oldest forms of migration with non-economical reasons, similarly to tourism in a broad meaning of the word. For millennia up till now pilgrimages have been the only "spatial movement" of the poorer groups of the population.
Calvary as an Element of the Sacred Space of the City
Autor: Elżbieta Bilska-Wodecka
Strony: 261-268
Summary - read more..
The main factors influencing the building of the calvaries in German cities in the period of the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries were described. The role of the calvaries in the development of new urban units in the territory of Poland in the 17th century has been discussed. In both cases the attention was paid especially to the importance of a calvary in the sacred space of the city.
Marian Cult Centres in the Polish Carpathians Before 1772
Autor: Izabela Sołjan
Strony: 269-286
Summary - read more..
The article concerns the Marian sanctuaries founded in the Polish Carpathians in the period before the Partitions, mainly in the 17th and 18th centuries. The factors determining the genesis of the centres of this kind as well as the development and role played by Marian cult centres in the contemporary network of Marian pilgrimage places were studied.
The Network of the Sanctuaries of Our Lord in Poland
Autor: Franciszek Mróz
Strony: 287-302
Summary - read more..
In the paper a spatial differentiation of the Sanctuaries of Our Lord in Poland was described. The aforementioned sanctuaries are the oldest pilgrimage centres in the country. Nearly half of them were founded in the 16th and 17th centuries. The centres in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska and Cracow-Łagiewniki are of international range and they are among the most frequently visited pilgrimage centres in Europe and the sanctuary in Łagiewniki has been declared the world centre of the cult of the Divine Mercy.
Les stations thermales du Massif central en quete d'avenir
Autor: Christian Jamot
Strony: 305-316
Summary - read more..
La fréquentation thermale est en crise en France. Mais elle l'est plus encore dans les vingt-quatre stations du Massif central. Ici, aux causes nationales (déclin des indications médicales pour la cure), s'ajoutent des facteurs spécifiques comme un mauvais positionnement par rapport aux indications encore porteuses. Au-delŕ, la région ne se tourne pas assez nettement vers les produits de remise en forme, qui ne peuvent d'ailleurs remplacer massivement et rapidement la cure traditionnelle. Mais, elle affiche une position de pointe dans les domaines de la reconversion vers les produits ludiques et le tourisme pur.
Development limitations of Polish spas (legal and financial barriers)
Autor: Tomasz Wołowiec, Marcin Duszyński
Strony: 317-326
Summary - read more..
Spa parishes belong to such a category of parishes whose development does not depend upon the activity of their inhabitants, but upon centralised solutions. Due to their specific character, spa parishes have been subject to far-reaching developmental limitations so that they could realise their statutory curative aims. This article analyses the legal and financial problems of spa parishes, illustrating their different character and their inability to cope with current economic reality, based on the 1966 Spa Act, which (unfortunately) still regulates spa operations
Environmental monitoring in the health resorts
Autor: Witold Niemiec
Strony: 327-340
Summary - read more..
Appropriate management of the environmental resources for the therapeutic purpose in the health resorts should be realized according to eco development's principles or balanced development. Effectiveness of therapy will considerably depend on the environmental condition. Objective estimation of the environmental condition can be performed on the base of long- lasting researches, realized according to elaborated monitoring researches' program for all environment's components. Range of researches should be established with the special attention to the specific health resorts service and requirements, which are included in proper Laws and Disposals.
Principles for Sustainable Development of Health Resorts
Autor: Ewa Kidoń
Strony: 341-356
Summary - read more..
The genesis of the idea of sustainable development and its significance in the modern world, as well as the developing concept of sustainable tourism in this respect; a place of health resorts and spa treatment in the tourist business; principles for sustainable development of towns and regions with a tourist and/or health resort function - general, as concerns environmental, social and economic aspects, and in practical application.
Evolution of accessibility in Carpathian spa resorts between 1938 and 2000
Autor: Robert Guzik, Arkadiusz Kołoś
Strony: 357-368
Summary - read more..
The paper discusses accessibility of Polish Carpathian spa resorts. Accessibility is a factor in the spas' overall tourist appeal and indicates the reach of their hinterland. Until 1990s, Polish Carpathian spa accessibility was largely defined by the availability of public transport. The paper looks at the transport routes that begin in and pass thought the spas; their paths, termini and the frequency of service. A detailed review of time-distances is provided. To assess the evolution of accessibility, four annual bodies of data were reviewed: 1938, 1950, 1970 and 2000