Prace Geograficzne, z. 112

Redaktor: Górka Z.
Rok wydania: 2003
Język publikacji: angielski

ISSN 1644-3586

Cena egzemplarza: 18.90 PLN (w tym 5% VAT)

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Editorial
Autor: Zygmunt Górka
Strony: 10-11
Professor Karol Bromek. His life and work
Autor: Zygmunt Górka
Strony: 13-20
The work of Prof. Karol Bromek on the geography of settlement
Autor: Stanisław Liszewski
Strony: 21-28
Summary - read more..
The author discusses Prof. Bromek's work on the geography of settlement, in four fields: rural settlement, land use of urban areas, settlement networks and comprehensive studies on the city of Cracow.
City of Cracow in Foreign Geographical Bibliography
Autor: Bronisław Kortus
Strony: 29-37
Summary - read more..
The geographical bibliography concerning the City of Cracow contains numerous publications by foreign authors. Two of them are outstanding works - those by Piero Innocenti (1973) and Francis Carter (1994). Among those authors are Italians, Germans, Britons, Americans. They were interested in a historic and spatial development of our city, its postwar transformation and the role of the Nowa Huta district and its steelworks in the functional and spatial structure of Cracow.
Memoirs from 1939-1945
Autor: Stanisław Leszczycki
Strony: 39-53
Summary - read more..
The paper contains war memories of Prof. S. Leszczycki, an outstanding scholar, who, as a young geographer, began his career in Cracow, in 1930. Arrested by Nazis with the group of Jagiellonian University professors, he returned happily too Cracow in 1941 and took part in the secret teaching. When German troops left Cracow in January, 1945, S. Leszczycki reorganised the Institute of Geography after the 5.5-year break and became its head. Although next year he moved to Warsaw, continued his formal and informal contact with Cracow geographers.
Synoptic conditions of the tornado occurrence in the Podhale region on 29 May 2001 and its natural and economic impacts
Autor: Tadeusz Niedźwiedź, Krystyna German, Piotr Sadowski
Strony: 55-67
Summary - read more..
The paper presents meteorological conditions and the mechanisms of action concerning the occurrence of the tornado, which crossed above Orawsko-Jordanowskie Foothills and Nowotarska Basin on 29 May 2001. Apart from synoptic situation, a characteristic of satellite images showing cloudiness, thunderstorms and precipitation accompanying the tornado was presented, too. The cartographic and photographic documentation allowed determine the range and influence of the tornado, concerning both natural environment and technical infrastructure. Large areas of agricultural land were covered with garbage created by the tornado, which is a threat for the functioning of those ecosystems. The changes were classified with special focus on permanent ones, which stimulate further changes in the environment.
The relationship between temperature, cloudiness and precipitation at the time of rapid growth of the Cracow agglomeration
Autor: Dorota Matuszko, Katarzyna Piotrowicz, Robert Twardosz
Strony: 69-80
Summary - read more..
The paper presents attempts to identify a relationship between temperature, cloudiness and precipitation in Cracow in the period 1951-2000. The data include mean monthly and annual temperature, the number of days with the maximum temperature greater than 10oC and 25oC, annual and daily precipitation, the type of precipitation, as well as the overall cloudiness and the type of clouds. Close attention was paid to anomalous values. Since 1960s, the cloudiness and precipitation had followed a corresponding pattern as a result of the change of the cloudiness structure, probably caused by the increasing air temperature.
The vertical temperature gradients in the autumn/winter season in Cracow
Autor: Lilianna Skublicka
Strony: 81-92
Summary - read more..
The paper presents the variations in the vertical temperature gradients within 12 metres above the ground divided into three layers of air, as measured in the morning and two layers at midday, in various weather conditions in Cracow. Based on the gradients, the vertical temperature profile was analysed.
The day-to-day variability of air temperature in Cracow and its surroudings
Autor: Jacek Olejniczak
Strony: 93-103
Summary - read more..
This study examines an annual course in the day-to-day variability of air temperature in the centre of Cracow and its surroundings. By a comparative analysis of the variability of air temperature day-to-day changes in a city and in a non-urban area, an attempt was made to determine if urban build-up influences this variability and if so, what the magnitude of this impact is. Average monthly values and the day-to-day variability of air temperature were analysed. For the day-to-day variability, the frequency of changes of different value and sign were determined. Additionally, the day-to-day variability of air temperature was described for months with the highest and lowest temperatures. The project was based on daily measurements of air temperature (mean, maximum and minimum) for the period 1986-1995 from 5 meteorological stations (Cracow Botanical Garden, Balice, Libertów, Miechów and Gaik-Brzezowa).
Air humidity and fogs in Cracow in the period 1961-2000 in relation to synoptic situations
Autor: Agnieszka Wypych
Strony: 105-114
Summary - read more..
Based on the data from the Climatological Station of the Department of Climatology, Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, Jagiellonian University, the variability of air humidity was described and the number of days with fog in Cracow was determined for the period 1961-2000. An analysis of the frequency of fog occurrence in relation to synoptic situations and specific parameters of air humidity was conducted based on the catalogue of synoptic situations in the upper Vistula river basin.
Complex usage of forest as secondary subsistence in the Carpathians.A case study in Zawoja, Barańcowa, southern Poland
Autor: Yukari Nakadai
Strony: 115-127
Summary - read more..
The purpose of the present study is to analyze the common forest culture in the area of Carpathians through the inhabitants' way of relating to forests. Inhabitants in Barańcowa have turned to complex use of forest resources (wood, fruits, berries), that can complement local farming resources, and developed a dual system that enables them to retain self-sufficiency in face of various uncertainties. The use of forest resources as a secondary means of subsistence is given considerable weight and remains essential in alleviating the pressure of subsistence. Maintaining their traditions, respectful of the natural cycles of forest ecosystems, residents have developed a sustainable way of life, increasingly under the pressure of modernization.
Kyoto. Diurnal transformations of the functional and socio-economic structure of the Central Business District (CBD) of Japanese historical city
Autor: Rajmund Mydel, Hiroshi Ishihara
Strony: 129-136
Summary - read more..
The authors present the extent and the character of diurnal transformations of functional and socio-economic structure of the CBD of the city of Kyoto - the historical capital of Japan, presently perceived as the "spiritual capital" of Japan. The analysis was carried out for occupationally active persons in the categories of the night-time and day-time population, aggregated in the main sectors and branches of the economy as well as for socio-economic strata and groups.
The urbanization process and regional differentiation of the distribution of the population of Japan (1898-1995)
Autor: Mirosław Wójtowicz
Strony: 137-148
Summary - read more..
This study is aimed at determining the effect of the process of urbanization on the spatial distribution of the population of Japan over the past 97 years. The analysis refers to the process of population concentration in general and the process of concentration of urban populations by prefectures. An increase in the number of local populations was connected with the process of their redistribution and their progressive concentration which allows to determine the five main stages of urbanization expressed by the change of concentration indexes.
Development conditions of Polish sector of the Carpathian Euroregion
Autor: Włodzimierz Kurek
Strony: 149-159
Summary - read more..
The author presents conditions, opportunities and barriers to transborder co-operation development in the Polish sector of the Carpathian Euroregion. This is the area very important due its nature, rich and differentiated folklore and numerous historic monuments. The demographically situation of the region (considerable share of young and well-educated population), the abundant natural resources and the great tourist attraction are factors of its further economic development. Disadvantageous is the agricultural structure (a land fragmentation and a low productivity), incompleted infrastructure, low level of life quality and the population income.
Development of rural settlement in Podhale
Autor: Czesław Guzik, Jan Leśnicki
Strony: 161-172
Summary - read more..
n their paper the authors discussed the historical development of the settlement in the Podhale Region, since the Middle Ages to the contemporary epoch, against the natural conditions and evolution of the political situation. Various functional types of rural settlement were shown, with the spatial patterns and traditional forms of farm architecture, observed in this part of Poland.
Geographical differentiation of the crime rate and the level of unemployment in the Małopolskie voivodship
Autor: Paweł Gronowski
Strony: 173-182
Summary - read more..
Through the analysis of the crime level and the unemployment rate, the author aims to identify spatial relationships between these phenomena.
Present state of urban rail transport networks in Poland and its prospects
Autor: Arkadiusz Kołoś
Strony: 183-194
Summary - read more..
In his paper the author showed direction of the urban rail transport (the MTS) development in Polish cities since the end of the 19th c. to the present epoch. Basic stages of this development, those before the 1st World War, 1919-39, 1939-45 and the post-war period were presented on examples of the cities of Wrocław, Poznań, Warsaw and Cracow. The crucial projects were also considered. In the second part the author deals with the future of the rail transport in Polish cities against the West-European experiences. He criticizes the present transport policy realized in Poland. Finally, the author shows two extreme scenarios of the MTS further development and express an idea, that the MTS will be an opportunity to improve the poor transport situation in Polish cities if the transport networks are modernized and the transport policy is changed.